Following the 7th of July 2016 incident of heavy fighting in Juba the capital of South Sudan and subsequent clashes in multiple locations in the Equatorial States of South Sudan. Uganda received a large influx of South Sudanese fleeing the violence. Adjumani district is now home to over 218,000 South Sudanese refugees (UNHCR update of January 2017) residing in Ailo, Agojo, Boroli, Baratuku, Pagirinya, Nyumanzi, Oliji, Maaji, Mungula and Mireyi refugee settlement areas. The challenges posed by the conflict in South Sudan that disrupted normal activities of the People have had a far-reaching implication on household food and nutrition.
The nutrition situation in the region is described as serious to critical, with GAM rates of 10 to 15 per cent. The influx has led to increase in food prices in local markets since the population of the district has doubled, and that cannot be adequately supported by the current food chain system the district.
It is against this background that AFOD Uganda sought partnership and cooperation with WFP and Government to provide the food /cash assistance to the registered and verified refugee households in Adjumani district.